International Journal of Public Administration, Management and Economic Development

2019, Volume 4, Issue 1

ISSN: 2533-4077

The Financial Administration Act

Mlynarčíková Jitka

The paper analyses the Financial Administration Act as for the objectives its legislator had originally intended to accomplish upon execution of the new enactment. It includes a short and brief historical excursion clarifying all the circumstances having led to the above mentioned statute being approved and those which directly resulted from the merger of the tax and customs administration in 2012 and establishment of the Financial administation of the Slovak Republic. The members of the Financial Administration consisting of customs officers as well as armed corps and civil servants had not been properly integrated until the adoption of the Financial Administration Act. The author deals with particular benefits the new Financial Administration Act is set to bring. Simultaneously author points to certain legal loopholes or drawbacks of the new enactement including transfer of civil servants into civil service in compliance with the above mentioned legislation. The author concludes the paper by assuming that there has been no adequate application of the new enactment and its full potential. In other words, the existing application problems have not been properly solved by the new legal enactment. In addition hereto, the author expresses her opinions of de "lege ferenda".

Keywords: Tax administration; Customs administration; Financial Administration; Financial Administration Act

The visualization of program and project portfolios and smart services of municipalities by the concept of Enterprise Architecture in the public administration

Lukas Martin

The article refers to the trend of implementation Enterprise Architecture into Public administration domain in order to get better managerial results, understanding of complexity and huge portfolio of public services as well as the design of specific services fitting into Smart City concept.

Keywords: Public administration, digital age, Enterprise Architecture, Information and Communication Technology, visualization of modelling, TOGAF, ArchiMate, municipality, Smart City concept, smart carpooling, smart parking, smart rent a bike.

The European social security system in a comprehensive book from the Czech point of view

Brožová Sandra

The article presents a review of the recently published book: Iva Chvátalová et al.: Právo sociálního zabezpečení v České republice a Evropské unii, 2nd updated edition, published in Aleš Čeněk, Pilsen, 2018, 304 p., ISBN: 978-80-7380-732-0

Keywords: law of social security; social policy; social security coordination

The importance of economic diplomacy in the further development of the EU

Marková Jana

Economic diplomacy has an important position within the European Union. This is young discipline in foreign economic relations. In the world, we can see the development of economic diplomacy for about 50 years. To describe the management of economic diplomacy, we can observe three basic models, a unified model, dual model and model of a shared agency. Within these models we monitor different uses of national and international institutions. Economic diplomacy solves a variety of topical issues, always within the competence of the institutions. For the needs of economic diplomacy, the European Union has many specific institutions where the most important is the Directorate-General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs (DG GROW). In order to strengthen economic diplomacy, the Single Market refers to the EU as one territory without any internal borders or other regulatory obstacles to the free movement of goods and services. The current situation in a simple European Union is influenced by the process of the UK's withdrawal from the EU. The White Paper on the Future of Europe is a response to changes in the European Union and is very important for further development within the economic diplomacy.

Keywords: economic diplomacy, monetary policy, fiscal policy, European Union, euro, institutions, DG GROW, European Parliament, European Single Market, EU

Security measures in Polish penal law in the context of international human rights standards

Lang Marta

The subject of the article is the relation of security measures in Polish penal law to internationally protected human rights standards, especially to the guarantees provided by the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of 1950 and the case-law elaborated by European Court of Human Rights on the basis of the Convention. The main focus of the article is on preventive detention in a psychiatric institution as a security measure, which is prone to be the most invasive in the context of individual rights such as the right to liberty, right to privacy or prohibition of torture. Initially, the author attempts to define the notion of a security measure and present the main legal concept regarding it. Subsequently, she moves on to present the current legal regulation of security measures in Polish penal law. Finally, the provisions of the Polish The Criminal Code regulating preventive detention in a psychiatric institution are being analyzed in the context of human rights standards provided by the Convention and elaborated in the case-law of the ECHR.

Keywords: security measures; preventive detention; the right to liberty and personal security; European Court of Human Rights

Voivodship self-government as a creator of regional development and its new identity on the example of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland

Joanna Górska-Szymczak, Grzegorz Górski

The aim of these considerations is, firstly, to pay attention to the role of local selfgovernment at the voivodship (województwo) level as a creator of regional development in Poland. Secondly, an indication of how the above function may be a useful tool for the reconstruction or creation of the region's cultural identity, after the destruction made in this sphere in the period when Poland was not existing as a result of the partitions (1795-1918), and during the communist dictatorship (1944) - 1989). The above analysis will be made on the example of the present Polish Kuyavian- Pomeranian Voivodeship, which is the area where various cultural and civilization traditions meet. For this reason, it is an interesting example of modern transformation processes and can, from this point of view, become an interesting point of reference for regions facing similar experiences in different parts of the world.

Keywords: Regional administration; public management; Kuyavian-Pomeranian voivodship; regional policy; cultural identity